Home \ Antibodies \ EMAP-II, Mouse, mAb M7/1
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Catalog # HM1124

EMAP-II, Mouse, mAb M7/1

120,00333,00

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Monoclonal antibody- clone M7/1 recognizes human endothelial-monocyte-activating polypeptide II (EMAP II). EMAPII is a proinflammatory cytokine and chemoattractant of macrophages and polymorphonuclear lymphocytes. The protein was initially identified as a product of murine methylcholanthrene A-induced fibrosarcoma cells. EMAP II is synthesized as a 34 kDa precursor molecule (proEMAP),- it can run anomalously in SDSpage at 43 kDa, and is enzymatically cleaved to produce a biologically active 22 kDa mature polypeptide. It modulates a range of properties of endothelial cells, monocytes, and neutrophils in vitro, and induces an acute inflammatory reaction and tumor regression in vivo. Later it was found to be anti-angiogenic and capable of induction of apoptosis in proliferation and hypoxic endothelial cells in vitro in tumor vasculature in vivo. EMAP II is released from cells, by a yet unknown mechanism, as pro- and mature EMAP II proteins in response to various forms of cellular stresses, including glucose starvation and hypoxia. Endothelial cells are the main target- for EMAPII and explain the anti-angiogenic property. The anti-tumor effect is expected to a large extent to be mediated through this characteristic. EMAPII is also associated with brain diseases and injury. EMAPII expression is related with leukocytes-infiltrated inflamed tissue and subsequent apoptosis. In solid tumors there is also an immunosuppressive role identified. EMAPII inducing tumor cells induce apoptosis of lymphocytes. EMPAII is considered a marker for microglial cells and macrophages in brain diseases. The distribution of EMAPII and its precursor in biopsies might be applicable as additive diagnostic tool.

Application
Flow cytometry, Functional studies, Immuno assays, Western blot

Use
For immune assay and Western blotting, dilutions to be used depend on detection system applied. It is recommended that users test the reagent and determine their own optimal dilutions. The typical starting working dilution is 1:50. For functional studies, in vitro dilutions have to be optimized in user’s experimental setting.

Product type
Monoclonal antibodies
Quantity
20 µg, 100 µg
Formulation
0.2 ml (100 µg/ml) 0.2 µm filtered antibody solution in PBS, containing 0.1% bovine serum albumin.
Immunogen
Recombinant full-length mouse EMAP II
Isotype
Rat IgG2a
Species
Mouse
Alias
Endothelial cell and monocyte activating proinflammatory cytokine
Storage and stability
Product should be stored at 4 °C. Under recommended storage conditions, product is stable for at least one year. The exact expiry date is indicated on the label.
Precautions
For research use only. Not for use in or on humans or animals or for diagnostics. It is the responsibility of the user to comply with all local/state and federal rules in the use of this product. Hycult Biotech is not responsible for any patent infringements that might result from the use or derivation of this product.
Disease
Tumor immunology
Protocol CoA-TDS HM1067-HM2099

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